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Home > Arhiva > 2010 > Numar: 2 > Corelate familiale şi comunitare ale violenţei şcolare. Studiu exploratoriu

 Corelate familiale şi comunitare ale violenţei şcolare. Studiu exploratoriu [Family and Community Correlates of the School Violence. An Exploratory Study]

  • Sorina Poledna („Babeş-Bolyai” University, Associate Professor, “Babes-Bolyai” University in Cluj-Napoca, Faculty of Sociology and Social Work, Bd 21 Decembrie 1989, no. 128, 400604, Romania. E-mail:
  • Nicoleta Golea (School Emil Isac, Cluj-Napoca, Psychologist, School Emil Isac, Cluj-Napoca. E-mail:
  • Mihai-Bogdan Iovu (Babeş Bolyai University, Faculty of Sociology and Social Work, 128‑130, 21 Decembrie 1989 Blvd., 400604, Cluj‑Napoca, E-mail:

Objective: exploring the dimensions that describe students’ perceptions over the violence; identifying the variables from the family, school, and community that correlate to experimenting violence, both as victims and as promoters. Method: a questionnaire of 38 items was applied to a sample of 267 students from rural areas enrolled in compulsory primary, secondary and post-secondary education. Results: regarding the quality of the parental relation, children perceive it as supportive. The same supportive attitude is perceived from the teachers. As victims, they experience feeling humiliated, and as aggressors they mostly report hitting and threatening. Also, there is a significant relationship between experienced violent behaviors and promoting them in their social environment, especially in educational settings. The ability of the family to solve conflict situations has a significant impact to this relation. Community and school violence like physical aggression, stealing, threatening, and sexual aggressions are also analyzed. Findings: even if we lack the possibility of exhaustive generalization of the results, it seems that promoting a violent behavior within the community is related to individual and family variables, even if the relation is moderated. The level of family violence has the greater explanatory value to the equation. Intervention models are also recommended to reduce school violence.

Keywords: violence, family, school, community, peer-group