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Home > Arhiva > 2006 > Numar: 4 > Women over 60: Demographical, Social and Medical Regards in Republic of Moldova

 Women over 60: Demographical, Social and Medical Regards in Republic of Moldova

  • Boris Gâlcă

One of the essential characters of our time is the continuous increase, both in absolute numbers and percent, of the share of elderly in the population structure. This important phenomenon – the phenomenon of demographic transition, can be explained by the changes in the basic indicators measuring the natural population growth – birth rates and mortality rates – with a constant tendency of decrease. More particularly, the phenomenon is defined by the decrease of birth rates and fertility rates, and to a lesser extent by increases in life expectancy – “top” ageing.
The purpose of the article herewith is to assess demographic, social and medical aspects related to elderly women (over 60) in the Republic of Moldova.
The results of the research have stressed upon important differences related to the residence of the women, and factors that have primary influence over the health of the women: age, level of material wellbeing, monthly income, employment, place of residence and degree of access to information, chronic diseases, disabilities and degree of dependency. Relationships with children also affect the health of elderly women. In rural as well as urban areas, the latter indicator registers positive values, constituting respectively 96,0% and 88,2%.
The conclusion of the thesis may be considered the basis for a sanitary and social strategy, while addressing the identified factors may lead to influencing the level and structure of morbidity and improving indicators regarding the wellbeing of women.

Keywords: elderly, demographic transition, population, birth rates, growth, mortality rates