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Homepage > Archive > Numar: 3 > Sanctions that can be Imposed on Underage Offenders According to the New Criminal Code. A case study

 Sanctions that can be Imposed on Underage Offenders According to the New Criminal Code. A case study

  • Aurora Elena Gavriș (University of Oradea, Faculty of Social and Human Sciences, 5 University Street, 0259/408439, E-mail:

Being a juvenile is a particular stage in the development, growth and education of human beings, a distinct period, legally defined by age criterion in the Romanian regulations, that is, up to the age of 18. A juvenile's adjustment to the outside world, to rules and restrictions, is often accompanied by denial and rejection reactions, or acts of rebellion, which can affect and unbalance the microclimate they live in. Juveniles' behavior can sometimes take the form of socially dangerous acts and they themselves become subject to criminal liability. This paper deals with the situation of the juvenile who deviates from social norms in the most serious way – the juvenile offender. Aspects of the juvenile's antisocial behavior, determined by several endogenous and exogenous factors, are presented, as well as the numerous actions performed by the bodies responsible for the supervision, education, re-education and social inclusion, and by the specialized services in the field of protection and promotion of the child's rights that operate within the General Directorate of Social Assistance and Child Protection. The changes introduced by the new Criminal Code and Criminal Procedure Code, as well as the special regulations in the field of child protection, which came into force on 1st February 2014, have also been taken into consideration.

Keywords: custodial educational measure, juvenile offender, placement