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Home > Arhiva > 2023 > Numar: 1 > Medical Sociology and its Role in Prophylactic Social Education for Health

 Medical Sociology and its Role in Prophylactic Social Education for Health

  • Simona Bostan (West University of Timisoara, IOSUD. Timişoara, Romania, E-mail:
  • Mihaela Gavrila-Ardelean (”Aurel Vlaicu” University of Arad, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Psychology and Social Work, No. 77, RevoluţieiBulevard, Arad, România, IOSUD West University of Timişoara,

The need for health education and prevention is a relevant and up-to-date topic, ‘it is the moment of the evolution of society’ through the ‘change of traditionalism,’ and the inclusion of the basic notions of pro-health behaviors must ‘be a priority of social policy’ (Firică, 2017,280-281).In the preface of its Statute, the World Health Organization (WHO) stipulated that ‘The health of all peoples is fundamental to the attainment of peace and security’ and ‘The achievement of any State in the promotion and protection of health is of value to all’ (Constitution of the WHO, 1946).Prevention cannot be limited only to the medical aspect or the therapeutic act, but extends beyond these boundaries, to sociology, anthropology, psychology, nutrition and physical activity, human behavior, religion, level of culture, etc. Prevention and education through prevention help us control genetic factors as ‘they can be compensated’ by a deepening of the study of environmental factors, which can influence our ‘physical health, emotions ... but also the social life’, of the lifestyle characterized by attitudes, habits, behaviors, and a better knowledge of the risk factors that lead to illness, but also of the factors responsible for maintaining the state of health and modifying non-healthy behaviors, all these aspects being essential to the life and health of the individual (Cazacu, 2017, 3).

Research methodology: The research method consists of a review of the literature on the role of Medical Sociology in the historical evolution of education for health and prevention in society.

Results: The research results highlight the importance of extending the areas of social education for health and prophylaxis over medical schools and the implications of social schools in this step.

Conclusions: To expand the area of social education for health and prevention, we need to open this field of education for specialists in the social field.
Keywords: medical sociology, education for health, prophylaxis, social education