Poverty and social exclusion are processes encountered all over the world. More and more often, social exclusion is employed to explain the poverty phenomenon, without aiming to replace it. The existence of poverty supposes a deficit in financial resources, opposite to social exclusion, an ample and specific concept found at the level of every society, which tries to study the social consequences associated with the participation of individuals in the community life.
Social exclusion can be a cause of poverty, conflict and social insecurity; it can explain why some people or groups remain poor while others manage to transcend this condition, why they dispose of less and less food or get a kind of food that does not ensure the necessary nutritional elements, why they are less involved in the economic and political activities designed for them or why they have limited access or no access at all to social services.
On the other hand, if we take into account the fact that the process of exclusion develops in particular circumstances, when individuals no longer benefit from minimum living standards or are deprived of the material goods necessary for their subsistence, we can assume that the poverty phenomenon lies at the basis of social exclusion.
However, at the same time, those who are excluded are not always poor. It is possible that they have no access whatsoever to community life or to their rights for reasons other than those related to their material status.
The condition of poverty reflected by the lack of bare necessities can determine implicitly the condition of social exclusion. Don’t decent living standards also involve participation in the social life?
Nevertheless, the fight against social exclusion supposes not only financial resources but also a series of opportunities which will allow the individual or the social class to perceive WELFARE.
Keywords: social exclusion, poverty, community, social insecurity, conflict, social services