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Nationalistic Attitudes and Perceived Threat Determine Romaphobia among Bulgarian and Romanian Youth
- Radosveta Dimitrova (Stockholm University, Frescati Hagväg 14, SE-106 91, Stockholm, Sweden, E-mail: email@example.com)
- Carmen Buzea (Transylvania University of Braşov, Department of Social Sciences and Communication, 500036 Eroilor, 29, Braşov, 0040268/477965, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
- Vanja Ljujic (University of World and National Economy, 1700 Studentski grad, Sofia, Bulgaria E-mail: email@example.com)
- Venzislav Jordanov (Dutch Council for Refugees, Surinameplein 122, 1058 GV, Amsterdam, the Netherlands E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
This study explores relations among nationalism, ethnic identity, perceived threat and attitudes towards the Roma among 178 Bulgarian and 211 Romanian adolescents (age: M = 16.96, SD = .75). Results indicated that Bulgarian youth revealed stronger nationalism, ethnic identity, perceived threat and negative attitudes toward Roma than their Romanian peers. A path model showed that perceived threat was a positive predictor of Romaphobia for both groups. Furthermore, we observed that Romaphobia was strongly related to adolescents’ nationalism and this relationship was mediated by perceived economic, symbolic and physical threat. Findings are discussed in terms of difference in salience and similarity of relations between nationalism and romaphobic attitudes for youth in two neighbor countries with a similar post-communist history.
Keywords: Romaphobia, nationalism, perceived threat, ethnic identity, Bulgarian and Romanian youth